A bi-color must have a bi-color parent (see #21). A mackerel or spotted tabby must have a mackerel, spotted, or ticked tabby parent (see #21). This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. b/b and b/b l are chocolate, b l /b l are cinnamon (red). If the dominant allele C is present no dilution will express. 0000000716 00000 n One notable exception is the colorpoint gene, which can carry through a number of generations (see #21 & #24). The mating of a colorpointed cat and a cat with no colorpointed background will produce NO colorpointed offspring. Want to see what two potential cats can produce, use this online coat colour calculator! “The Genes of Cats” in The Book of The Cat, Summit Books, New York, l980. In genetics, feline cat colours and patterns that appear as the lighter version of primary or dominant colours are called the dilution genes. These more unusual colors are genetically recessive or diluted versions of the darker colors. The beefed up version of the calculator, with more genes and percentage chances! Dilution (blue and isabella) The D series. Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. The masked color/pattern must be determined, based on the white’s pedigree and the offspring produced in a controlled breeding, in order to effectively predict the color/pattern of the expected offspring. The spot of color may be visible for several months, but often disappears as the kitten matures. 0000004449 00000 n advanced cat coat calculator. Join us at Companion Cat World and get a membership card, savings, and fun events! Cats have 38 chromosomes in each cell, while we have 46. Non-agouti, aa, cats are solid (self) in color. trailer Also, if a breeder isn’t too sure of genetics and wants to breed for certain color(s), this should help plan out breedings. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or … Genes for basic colours, including Colorpoint (Locus C), Agouti (Locus A), Orange (Locus O) and Locus E. These are the genes that make the pigments that give the basic colours to the cat. The chocolate or lilac gene must be present in both the sire and dam’s pedigree in order to produce chocolate or lilac offspring. Other self white cats are the result of extreme expression of the white spotting gene discussed later. ... Albino white. Some info about the genetics behind it too! 0000027544 00000 n When PATTERN is used, it refers to pattern only (tabby, shaded, smoke, etc.). When the cat’s hair is parted, you’re able to see the unique smokey-looking color. Pigmentation. 0000007554 00000 n Kittens are born blind. The genetics involved in producing the ideal tabby, tipped, shaded, or smoke cat is complex. CAT COLOR GENETICS 1. 88 21 Color DNA Calculator. Genetics for solid white cats can affect the possible color/pattern of expected kittens in that the white parent may be masking the color/pattern needed to produce this result. Breeds, "Purebred," and Pedigree. 0000003663 00000 n Genome: The entire genetic information of one cell. Every cell in the body contains the same genetic information. Cats also come in gray / blue, chocolate, cinnamon, lilac, cream / buff, and fawn. Melanin is deposited in the... 2. A: Amber: E, e: Gradual replacement of eumelanin with phaeomelanin, in Norwegian Forest cats. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. These are the genes that modify the colours d… Pointed cats have a special “Siamese” gene that limits the color to certain areas. This is my original calculator. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Female kittens take one color gene from each parent. ♦  Learn more♦  View the gallery♦ Order merchandise. B: Colorpoint Restriction: C > c b = c s > c 0000001176 00000 n 0000002624 00000 n If two cats are bred that carry for Chocolate, there is a chance of the kittens being Chocolate. 5. Pigment production is reduced in warmer areas of the body, leading to darker pigmentation in the cat's cooler extremities (paws, ears, etc.) 0000033448 00000 n An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. Robinson’s Genetics For Cat Breeders & Veterinarians, Fourth Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, 1999. A cat with a white undercoat (smoke or shaded) must have a parent that has a white undercoat (see #21). For more information, please refer to books on the subject. Ticking and Tabby Patterns. Polygenes are genes that each have a small quantitative effect on major genes and the way the cat looks. The body is warmer, and stays a lighter color. A white cat breeds as both a white (which you see) and a masked color (which you don’t see) and can produce based on both white and the unseen color/pattern. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. 0000000016 00000 n You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. To get a colorpointed kitten, both parents must be carrying the colorpointed gene (even if they do not appear colorpointed themselves). 0000001306 00000 n More. 4. The genetics of cat coat coloration, pattern, length, and texture is a complex subject, and many different genes are involved. hތ�Kr�@��s�^J�h��^K����1�ˋ���-9#���[�ii ��"E��u���C��ê!#MZ��P����dĒ�$�L���y��F�NA�����{�9������!�r2���c� TE!h��S|���h,� �.����H[h���Q�� B�C)�)c,�쌨��v>��,�p>�ͧ��L���T)nr��E:.fL'�e������dC �����b׆G!�������,����8���C�#'�����YB���+*�Vۂ. The colors Chocolate and Cinnamon are recessive colors that exist in the breed. For example, if your results show that your dog is a Type VI , your dog is a yellow dog with a black nose carrying the hidden genes for black and chocolate. For further information on feline genetics, we recommend the following: The information contained on this page is also available in a PDF format of our printed pamphlet. The majority of calico cats are female because of genetics. must have a parent which displays a dominant color (see #21). Understanding cat color genetics is one of the more fascinating aspects of cat breeding. Genetics impact everything from a cat’s temperament to their size, colors, and other physical characteristics. As a cat gets older, the blood flow to the body will decrease causing it to cool somewhat. The Cat Fanciers’ Association, Inc.260 East Main Street, Alliance, OH  44601Phone: (330) 680-4070   /    Fax: (330) 680-4633. 0000007368 00000 n A shaded parent can produce a smoke offspring, but a non-shaded (smoke) parent cannot produce a shaded offspring unless bred to a shaded (see #21). “In cats, the red and black … The colors in hair, skin, and eyes are caused by the presence of melanin. Cat Coat Colour Genetics @Fyy��� P��� �r�bw0��p��X�_k��+�����ϰ���GC�gjHd�deb�`��� �hF���'��'22�o4d�r��uTt����7�o~vT��+4X���db[ g`ٺH3�w� !h 0000004674 00000 n cannot skip generations. Cats with colored 'points' have genetic mutations associated with temperature-sensitive pigment production. Cats come in an array of gorgeous colors and patterns. The male offspring in a litter will always be either the color of the dam (or one of the colors in the case of parti-colors) or the dilute form of the dam’s color. The cat may be genetically black, genetically cream etc, but the presence of the white gene obscures the colour. A red tabby that is not a true tabby cannot produce a tabby offspring of any other color without being bred to a true tabby or a shaded. Not only are there many interacting genes, but genes sometimes do not express themselves fully, or conflict with one another. The same white spotting gene can also contribute to the unique patched coat of calico cats. The genes that control the color black and that control the color red in the cat are located on the X chromosomes (one color on each chromo- some). While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. The following statements are generally true – but there are exceptions. … A cat displaying a dominant color (black, red, tortie, etc.) This DNA calculator was created to combine breeders all over the world and make the search for the perfect puppies much easier. %PDF-1.4 %���� “Feline Genetics” in Feline Domesticus – Manual of Feline Health l982-l983, Cornell University, Judith Kinnear, PhD., Page 121. This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac and cream colours. 0000002235 00000 n 0000001925 00000 n A dominant characteristic (all dominant colors and patterns such as shaded, smoke, white, tabby, bi-color, etc.) The gene is recessive to the full-colour C gene, which means the cat needs two copies (homozygous) for the Siamese colour to show up. Please free to start testing! Cat coat genetics can give rise to a wide variety of colors and coat patterns. A kitten’s pattern can be inherited from either parent. Siamese cats carry the Himalayan gene, which is a mutation at the C locus (a fixed position on a chromosome where a particular gene is located), causing partial albinism on warmer parts of the body. A cat can carry Chocolate or Cinnamon and not exhibit the color so it is important to know a breeding cats genetics. This gene controls the coat’s "ticking," or banding of colors on a cat’s fur. endstream endobj 89 0 obj <> endobj 90 0 obj <> endobj 91 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 92 0 obj <> endobj 93 0 obj <> endobj 94 0 obj [/ICCBased 103 0 R] endobj 95 0 obj [/Indexed 94 0 R 255 104 0 R] endobj 96 0 obj <> endobj 97 0 obj <> endobj 98 0 obj <>stream Tabby patterns are difficult to identify. When both are affected, the statement will contain the term COLOR/PATTERN. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. 6. The characteristic cannot be transmitted from one generation to the next without showing that characteristic in each generation. Note that Manx and Munchkin are treated as homozygous lethal and polydactyly is treated as having complete penetrance. Brown, chocolate, cinnamon and similar coat colors are products of the feline primary gene for coat … “Feline Genetics” in A Standard Guide to Cat Breeds, McGraw Hill, New York, l979. E: Brown: B > b > b l: Brown variants have reduced eumelanin and appear brownish in color. © 1995-2020 The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. This means that the cat’s hairs are dark (usually black) at the tips but have much lighter colored bands near the bottom. To obtain any of the red or cream color/patterns in female kittens, the sire must be one of the red or cream color/patterns PLUS the dam must in some form demonstrate red or cream (see #21). Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. An even distribution of pigment, while the background is made up of hairs... Blue and isabella ) the D series heads when born ideas about cats, cats and.! Can be inherited from either parent affected, the blood flow to unique... This is usually the reason behind why we see cats covered in grey, lilac, cream buff! That appear as the kitten matures is one of the calculator, with more genes and the the! – but there are exceptions characteristic can not produce a shorthair kitten parent ( see 21! Chromosomes in each cell, while the background is made up of banded.... C > c b = c s and c b = c s > c color... 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